L’Union des fabricants (Unifab) se félicite de la publication par la Commission européenne de sa liste d’une cinquantaine d’acteurs internet et physiques, situés en dehors de l’Union européenne, et qui favorisent la vente de produits de contrefaçon et/ou le piratage de contenus digitaux. L’association française anti-contrefaçon « regrette, néanmoins, l’absence de certains sites, réseaux sociaux, moteurs de recherche, plateformes publicitaires basés à l’étranger qui ont un monopole dans leurs pays d’origine et une grande notoriété auprès des consommateurs. »
Toujours selon l’Unifab « cette liste inédite, construite à l’image de « l’US Notorious Report » appuie la nécessité d’instaurer un devoir de vigilance que les États et les plateformes doivent assurer afin de créer un environnement ou santé et sécurité sont assurées aux acheteurs, dans un climat ou la consommation sur internet est très répandue. Par exemple, 1.5 million de petits colis résultant d‘achats en ligne ont été, en 2017, contrôlés et saisis pour contrefaçon par la douane française.
Rappelons-le, ces ventes illégales portent atteinte aux droits de propriété intellectuelle des entreprises, ainsi que des créateurs européens. Les conséquences sont multiples : plus de 6,2 millions d’euros de pertes en France et 48 millions en Europe, on déplore rien qu’en France plus de 38 000 postes supprimés et près de 500 000 en Europe. » <
The Commission publish the first european’s « Counterfeit and Piracy Watch List »
All selected marketplaces (34 online and 21 physical) are located outside the EU. Online marketplaces are considered to be located outside the EU for the purposes of this Watch List if their operator or owner is known or assumed to be resident outside the EU, irrespective of the residence of the domain name registry, the registrar, the residence of the hosting provider or the targeted country. As regards physical marketplaces, the market is considered located outside the EU if it is physically located in the territory of a third country irrespective of the citizenship or residence of its landlord. The selection of the marketplaces to be included in the Watch List was undertaken between 18 June and 20 July 2018.
The main criteria for the selection of both online and physical marketplaces to be included in the Watch List are their reported widespread global or regional popularity and high volume of sales.
The Commission services conducted a public consultation between 8 February and 19 April 2018. Its results form the basis of the Watch List.
In addition to the support of EUIPO and Europol (Intellectual Property Crime Coordinated Coalition), a number of other sources also played a role in the selection process and in defining and describing the listed marketplaces.
The Watch List reflects the results of stakeholder consultations. It presents examples of reported marketplaces or service providers whose operators or owners are allegedly resident outside the EU and which reportedly engage in, facilitate or benefit from counterfeiting and piracy. The aim is to encourage the operators and owners as well as the responsible local enforcement authorities and governments to take the necessary actions and measures to reduce the availability of IPR infringing goods or services on these markets. The Watch List also intends to raise consumer awareness concerning the environmental, product safety and other risks of purchasing from potentially problematic marketplaces. The Watch List focuses on online marketplaces as piracy and the distribution of counterfeits increasingly take place through the internet.
The Watch List is not an exhaustive list of the reported marketplaces and service providers and does not purport to make findings of legal violations. Nor does it provide the Commission services' analysis of the state of protection and enforcement of IPR in the countries connected with the listed marketplaces and service providers. A general analysis of the protection and enforcement of IPR in third countries can be found in the Commission services' separate biennial Report on the protection and enforcement of intellectual property rights in third countries (Third country report), the latest of which was published on 21 February 2018.
The Commission services will use the Watch List to continue the cooperation with EU's trading partners in the framework of IPR Dialogues and working groups. The Watch List will also be used in the framework of the four-year-long technical cooperation programmes IP Key China, Southeast Asia and Latin America which were launched in 2017. The Watch List will be updated regularly by the Commission services. The Commission services will also monitor the measures and actions taken by the local authorities in relation to the listed marketplaces as well as the measures and actions taken by the operators and marketplace owners to curb IPR infringements. <
Download the « Counterfeit and Piracy Watch List »